Logo Animal Genetic Resources of Tamil Nadu

Tamil Nadu Veterinary and Animal Sciences University


    Excellent drought breed


    Home tract: Knagayam taluk in Tirupur district


    Medium- sized. Bull is grey with dark grey to black marking on head, neck, hump, shoulders and quarters. Cows are grey or white and grey with black marking in fetlocks


    Horns are longer, curving outwards and backwards, then inwards and almost complete a circle or ellipse at the point where they approach the tips.


    Bullocks are primarily used for transport, with a load hauling capacity of nearly four times of their body weight over a distance of 10 to 20 km without rest.

Quick Data


Species Cattle
Synonym Kanganad, Kongu
Origin Coimbatore district of Tamil Nadu. A long established herd is being maintained by a private breeder– Pattaigar of Palaykottai
Breeding History Kangayam breed derives its name from the Kangayam division of Dharapuram taluks of Coimbatore district. Broad forehead, black muzzle, short and erect ears, bright and elliptical shaped eyes. Stout and thick horns has been exported to Srilanka, for draft purposes
Breeding tract Coimbatore district, Tamil Nadu, India
Management System Kangayam cattle are traditionally reared on grazing in dry lands kept as pasture land by farmers for cattle and sheep in the breeding tract. The pasture land is divided into many paddocks by live fencing of a thorny shrub. A system of rotational and priority grazing is adopted. Velvaelam trees are also seen extensively in grazing areas. They provide shade to animals in rest during grazing. Calves are allowed to suck as much milk from their dams as they require up to 6 weeks. Later green grass is
Breed Society Nil
Phenotypic characters
General characters Moderate size with compact body. Head is short with broad forehead. More proportionate to the body, Eyes are dark and prominent with black rings around them.
Colour Grey or white. Males have black or very dark colour on the head, Hump, neck and quarters. Calves are red in colour and changed to grey at the age of 3-4 months. .
Horns Spread apart, nearly straight with a slight curve backwards, almost completing a circle at tips
Visible Markings Long horns nearly completing a circle, long hump and strong body, Short, stout legs with strong hooves. Tight naval flap.
Morphometric characters
Body length (Avg cm) Male : 144 cm, Female :130 cm
Height (Avg cm) Male : 139 cm, Female : 124 cm
Girth (Avg cm) Male : 169 cm, Female : 155 cm
Adult weight (Avg kg) Male : 400-500 kg, Female : 300-400 kg
Age at first calving (m) 44 months
Inter calving period (m) 16 Months
Milk yield per lactation (kg) 600 -700 kg per lactation
Milk Fat ( % ) 3.88%
Population status 80620 (as on 2013)
Utility Good for ploughing and crting
Publications VCRI 1997.A survey of Kangayam Cattle: Final Report (1993-1997), ICAR Ad-hoc Scheme. Department of Animal Genetics, Veterinary College and Research Institute, Namakkal.


  • VCRI 1997 . A survey of Kangayam Cattle: Final Report (1993-1997),ICAR Ad-hoc Scheme. Department of Animal Genetics, Veterinary College and Research Institute, Namakkal.